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انگلیسی از مبتدی تا آیلتس - طرز بیان اعداد به انگلیسی

!No one can learn us, learning is our own responsibility

طرز بیان اعداد به انگلیسی

نویسنده :هادی قدیمی
تاریخ:چهارشنبه 22 مهر 1394-03:00 ب.ظ


مبحث اعداد بخش 1

اعداد اصلی و ترتیبی

Ordinal and cardinal numbers

اعداد اصلی (cardinal) همان اعداد معمولی هستند. اعداد ترتیبی (Ordinal) اعدادی مانند اول، دوم، سوم، و .... هستند. به غیر از چند استثناء برای ساختن عدد ترتیبی به آخر عدد th اضافه می‌‌‌‌كنیم. (در عدد یك از st – در عدد دو از nd و در عدد 3 از rd استفاده می‌شود.

0th = zeroth or nought

1st = first

2nd = second

3rd = third

4th = fourth

5th = fifth

6th = sixth

7th = seventh

8th = eighth

9th = ninth

10th = tenth

11th = eleventh

12th = twelfth

20th = twentieth

21st = twenty-first

25th = twenty-fifth

30th = thirtieth

32nd = thirty-second

40th = fortieth

50th = fiftieth

58th = fifty-eighth

60th = sixtieth

64th = sixty-fourth

70th = seventieth

79th = seventy-ninth

80th = eightieth

83rd = eighty-third

90th= ninetieth

99th = ninety-ninth

پس به طور كلی عدد هر چه باشد آن را می خوانیم و به آخرین عدد st, nd, rd  یا th

اضافه  می‌كنیم.

 

طرز گفتن روز و ماه و سال

مرسوم‌ترین روش برای گفتن سال، گفتن اعداد به صورت دو تایی است. یعنی به سال 1920 گفته می‌شود: nineteen-twenty

1BC=  one BC سال یك قبل از میلاد

235 =  Two thirty-five

999 = Nine ninety-nine

1000 = One thousand

1225 = Twelve twenty-five

1900 = Nineteen hundred

1901 = Nineteen oh-one

1919 = Nineteen nineteen

1999 = Nineteen ninety-nine

2000 = Two thousand or Twenty hundred

2001 = Two thousand (and) one or Twenty oh-one

2009 = Two thousand (and) nine or Twenty oh-nine

2010 = Twenty-ten or Two thousand (and) ten

2025 = Twenty twenty-five

2099 = Twenty ninety-nine

2100 = Twenty-one hundred

2101 = Twenty-one-oh-one or Two thousand, one hundred (and) one

 

اعداد كسری و اعشاری

Fractions and decimals

ا. اعداد كسری

برای بیان اعداد كسری معمولا صورت كسر را معمولی و مخرج كسر را ترتیبی می‌خوانیم:

1/16 = one-sixteenth           

1/10 or 0.1 = one-tenth            

1/8 = one-eighth

2/10 or 0.2 = two-tenths          

¼ = one-quarter (British) or one-fourth (American)

3/10 or 0.3 = three-tenths        

1/3 = one-third                     

 3/8 = three-eighths

4/10 or 0.4 = four-tenths          

½ = one half                         

6/10 or 0.6 = six-tenths

5/8 = five-eighths                   

2/3 = two-thirds                     

7/10 or 0.7 = seven-tenths  

¾ = three-quarters (British) or three-fourths (American)           15/16 = fifteen-sixteenths

 

 گاهی اوقات ممكن است از كلمه‌ی over  به معنای روی هم استفاده شود. مثلا برای 8/2 گفته شود: eight over two . (بیشتر در انگلیسی بریتانیا)


2. اعداد اعشاری

در اعداد اعشاری معمولا به جای ممیز از كلمه‌ی point استفاده می‌شود و به جای عدد صفر از zero یاnaught استتفاده می‌شود و اعداد بعد از ممیز، یكی یكی خوانده می‌شوند. ممكن است در گفتارهای غیر رسمی به جای صفر o گفته شود.

 

0 .002 = "point zero zero two", "point o o two", "nought point zero zero two", etc.

0.5 = naught point five (US: zero point five)

3.375 = three point three seven five

99.3 = ninety- nine point three

13.75 = thirteen point seven five

3.1416 = three point one four one six

 

بیان اعداد در زبان انگلیسی

How to say numbers in English

1. ابتدا از یك تا 20

One/ two / three/ four/ five/ six/ seven/ eight/ nine/ ten/ eleven/ twelve/ thirteen/ fourteen/ fifteen/ sixteen/ seventeen/ eighteen/ nineteen/ twenty

 

2. ده تا 100

Ten / twenty/ thirty/ forty / fifty / sixty / seventy / eighty / ninety / hundred

 

اكنون برای گفتن اعداد  از یك تا 100 مشكلی نداریم. برای مثال اگر عدد 22 را بخواهیم بیان كنیم، می‌گوییم: twenty two یا 71 می‌شود: seventy one. پس هر عددی را كه بخواهیم بیان كنیم اول دهگان آن را می‌گوییم و بلافاصله یكان آن را اضافه می‌كنیم.

 

3. اعداد بین 100 تا 1000

One hundred/ two hundred/ three hundred/ four hundred ….. one thousand

باید توجه داشته باشیم كه به hundred )100) یا thousand (1000) نباید s جمع اضافه كنیم.

 

4. اعدا 1000 تا 1000000

هر تعداد 1000 وجود داشته باشد را اول می گوییم و سپس كلمه‌ی thousand  را می‌آوریم.

1000 = one thousand

2000 = two thousand

20,000 = twenty thousand

30,000 = thirty thousand

85,000 = eighty-five thousand

999,000 = nine hundred and ninety-nine thousand (British English)
nine hundred ninety-nine thousand (American English)

1,000,000 = one million

 

در انگلیسی بریتانیا بین اعداد از كلمه‌ی and استفاده می‌شود اما در انگلیسی امریكا از این كلمه استفاده نمی‌شود.

 

325 = three hundred and twenty-five (UK)

325 = three hundred twenty-five (US)

719 = seven hundred and nineteen (UK)

719 = seven hundred nineteen (US)

3,077 = three thousand and seventy-seven (UK)

3,077 = three thousand seventy-seven (US)

 

توجه: بعد از هزارگان یك ویرگول برای جدا كردن گذاشته می‌شود.

 

5. بیشتر از یك میلیون:

1000,000 = one million

1,000,000,000 = one billion (US) one milliard (UK)

1,000,000,000,000 = one trillion (US) one billion (UK)

1,000,000,000,000,000 = one quadrillion (US) one billiard (UK)

 

در گفتارهای غیرسمی و دوستانه ممكن است اعداد جور دیگری گفته شوند. مثلا به جای صفر oh گفته شود. بخصوص در گفتن شماره های خیابانها، منازل یا اتوبوسها.

 

101 = One-oh-one

109 = One-oh-nine

110 = One-ten." or  "One-one-oh 

208 = Two-oh-eight

334 = "Three-thirty-four." Or "Three-three- four.


بیان روز و ماه

هرچند از روشهای مختلفی برای بیان تقویم استفاده می‌شود اما می‌توان معمولترین آنها را به این ترتیب ذكر كرد:

1. درانگلیسی بریتانیایی معمولا روز قبل از ماه می‌آید و روز به صورت ترتیبی بیان می‌شود:

The 1st of October 1984

The first of January 2005

The 25th of January 2005

گاهی the  و of حذف می‌شوند:

25th January 2005

ممكن است ترتیبی بودن (th) هم حذف شود:

 25 January 2005

 

2. در انگلیسی امریكایی معمولا روز بعد از ماه می‌آید:

September 4, 1990 (read "September fourth, nineteen ninety")

June 10, 1969 (June tenth, nineteen sixty-nine")

 

مبحث اعداد بخش 2

طریقه بیان عبارات همراه با عدد

هزار کتاب

A / one thousand books

هزاران کتاب

Thousands of books

صد کتاب

A hundred books

صدها کتاب

Hundreds of books

صد دانشجو ( عدد معلوم )

A hundred students

صدها دانشجو ( عدد نامعلوم )

Hundreds of students

ده کتاب

Ten books

ده­ها کتاب

Tens of books / dozen of books

ده­ها هزار کتاب

Tens of thousands of books

صدها میلیون سلول

Hundreds of millions of cells

صدها هزار میلیارد اتم

Hundreds of thousands of billions of atoms

 

مبحث اعداد بخش3

How do I write large numbers?

 

When we talk about a specific large number, we do not add s to the number:
200,000 = two hundred thousand (not two hundred thousands)
10,000,000 = ten million (not millions )


The noun that follows is always plural:
There must have been at least three thousand students at the protest.

We use the plural form of large numbers + of to give an approximate idea of how many:
There must have been thousands of students at the protest.

We can use a instead of one. ONE is more formal:
If I won a million dollars, I would probably take a year off and travel around the world.
The president promised to increase the health budget by one million dollars.


We usually use numerals for numbers that can not be written in one or two words:
More than two million people attended last year. but: 2,001,967 people attended last year.

You should write fractions in words:
half a (million)
a/one third of a (million)
three quarters of a (million)
one and a quarter (million)
one and three quarter (million)
According to the chart, in 2004 over half a million Ukranians went to the cinema.





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